“Give us more Kryptos!”, they demand. Sanborn gave us more Kryptos but it hasn’t helped.

Here is the second part of the dedication on December 18th, 1992.

The following remarks were made on 18 December 1992 by then-Director of Central Intelligence Gates at the ceremony dedicating the CIA’s Berlin Wall Monument.

I want to welcome all of you this afternoon to this ceremony dedicating our Berlin Wall Monument.Over 30 years ago-in August 1961-the first strands of barbed wire and the first barricades were positioned along the Soviet Sector in the city of Berlin. Buildings next to the east side of the border were evacuated-their windows and doorways bricked up. Guard dogs and watchtowers appeared. A strip of territory was cleared and became a “no-man’s land”-with land mines and more barbed wire. And a wall of concrete-6-feet high was quickly erected along the 27-mile border.

All of these measures were taken by the communists, not to prepare for an enemy attack from the West, but to prevent the mass migration of East German citizens to freedom, to the West.

No other symbol so clearly represented the battleline drawn between East and West, between democracy and communism, between freedom and totalitarianism, than the Berlin Wall.

The wall was an ugly scar across the face of Berlin. And for nearly three decades, it stood as a silent, but constant reminder of the failure of communism-its total rejection of freedom, its blatant disregard for the individual. The wall was erected as a desperate act-those who could not be swayed by theory would he held by force.

But the true dimensions of the wall cannot he measured by its height or by its length, but by its toll on the citizens of Berlin. For over 28 long years they faced the wall-day in and day out-separated from family and friends-husbands from wives, brothers from sisters, citizens from their fellow countrymen. All Berliners knew the pain of separation, and all wanted desperately to be reunited in peace and freedom.

Over the years, their hope, their will, and their determination never wavered-nor did America’s resolve in facing the challenge posed by the Berlin Wall.

Of all the leaders who traveled to Berlin, perhaps President Kennedy best expressed the hopes of the West, when he said:”You live in a defended island of freedom …Lift up your eyes beyond the dangers of today, to the hopes of tomorrow, beyond the freedom merely of this city of Berlin, or your country of Germany, to the advance of freedom everywhere, beyond the wall to the day of peace with justice, beyond yourselves and ourselves to all mankind.”
Twenty-five years later the political climate had been transformed, and another American President traveled to the city of Berlin. President Reagan realized that dramatic change was possible, and, in an impassioned speech at the foot of the Brandenberg Gate, he demanded of Soviet President Gorbachev, “Tear down this wall!”

But, ultimately, it was not the Soviet government which leveled the wall, it was the citizens of Berlin themselves-ordinary people, taking into their own hands hammers and chisels-battering the wall each reclaiming the unity and freedom for their country that had been denied for so long.

Today, we are fortunate-with the assistance of General Haddock, Ambassador Walters, our Fine Arts Commission, and the Directorates of Operations and Administration-to have a portion of the Berlin Wall here at our headquarters building. This monument that we dedicate today stands for many things, but most of all it is a permanent reminder of the power of a single and truly revolutionary idea: freedom.

Our Fine Arts Commission took great pains to find the right location for this monument. Its north-south orientation mirrors the wall’s placement along Potsdammer Platz in Berlin. The west side of the wall is covered with original graffiti that reflects the color, hope and optimism of the West itself. It stands in stark contrast to the east side of this wall, which is whitewashed and devoid of color and life. This monument is also placed in the middle of a main thoroughfare leading to our building-and so it must be confronted by our people daily, just as it was for nearly three decades by the citizens of Berlin.

But for all of us here today, these three slabs of concrete and steel hold a special meaning. Just as the Berlin Wall was being erected, we were moving into the headquarters building that stands behind us. And over the next 28 years, much of the work that took place here was devoted to breaking down the barriers to freedom created by the Cold War. In Berlin itself, we worked to bring down those barriers, and the names of those who worked there, took risks there, fought for freedom there include some of the most familiar names of CIA’s history, people such as Dick Helms, Bill Harvey, Bill Graver and Dave Murphy.

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